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Submit a paper of 2–3 pages in APA format that addresses the following items: Paper is to be written in question, Answer format. (ex. Write the question then answer should follow). All references should not be more than 5 years old.

  1. Develop a clinical question for study using the PICO format.
    • P: a population or a group of patients, for example patients with insulin dependent diabetes
    • I: an intervention, such as patient education programs
    • C: a comparison intervention or treatment, such as home visits by a nurse
    • O: patient outcomes
    • For example: Do educational programs for diabetics on insulin or home visits to a diabetic do more to support control of blood sugar?
    • For example: Do patient educational classes for asthmatic patients lead to improved functional status (decrease hospitalizations)? (Note: In this example, there is no comparison treatment.)
  2. Using MEDLINE/PubMed (using MeSH) and CINAHL, do the following:
    • Conduct a systematic search for relevant research findings on your topic or question.
    • List the words that you entered to perform each search.
    • List the number of findings that were returned.
    • Identify the steps that you took to narrow the search to more precise findings.
  3. Describe at least 3 sources of relevant literature findings on your PICO question.
    • You should be able to locate the article in full text or an abstract of the study.
    • Select research findings that most closely fit the PICO question that you posed
    • Cite the references.
  4. Now, research your PICO question using this scholarly search engine.
    • List the number of “hits” that were returned.
    • How does this search engine rate and rank the reference articles that it lists in a search?
    • How does this search engine ranking system aid researchers as they seek information?
  5. Explain the following:
    • What steps can a researcher use to narrow the search for information on a clinical topic?
    • Why is it necessary to narrow a search?
    • Which search did you find to be the most effective and useful on this clinical topic, and what made it effective for you?
  6. What is the difference between a search engine and a database for locating relevant practice information?
  7. Select a preferred search tool, and identify the rationale for your preference.

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